Considering language and communication, it seems all children are born with the ability to learn and learn quickly various methods of connecting with their caregivers and others. This type of communication is necessarily based on physical actions and tone of cry when the child is very small, but as they grow older, children begin to demonstrate that they understand gestures and the words of others even before they have voiced their first word. According to Gordon Wells (1986), the entire function of learning language and interacting socially is necessary in order to make connections with other people and help the individual make sense of their experiences. “Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). While some of this behavior can be attributed to the child’s natural imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the way language and communication development that haven’t yet been sufficiently explained. Some activities that children and their parents may engage in that might help foster language and communication development will be discussed along with other factors that may contribute to development. Common mistakes shared by children as they learn how to communicate for the first time provide clues as to how language development progresses and contribute to a discussion of the average stages of language development exhibited among young children.Generally speaking, language is nothing more than a set of symbols, usually auditory, that is commonly understood and is used to share or warehouse information (Eccardt, 2003). “The symbols are words, and their meanings cover everything we humans deal with … Generally, the above definition puts the label ‘language’ on English, Spanish, Chinese, etc. It also covers sign languages for deaf people” (Eccardt, 2003). This definition does not necessarily include the alphabet, writing, or other forms of mechanical expression.
The Assessment of Language and Communication