Thus, it is extremely important to reduce the crime rates of a nation to provide relief to its citizens and also to improve the economic performance of the country.It is situated between the Honduras and Guatemala and is bordered by the North Pacific Ocean and its capital city is Sal Salvador (globalEDGE, 2013). El Salvador is considered one of the most violent countries in the world and is rated as critical for crime by the U.S. Department of State (OSAC, 2013). The country achieved independence in 1821 from Spain and political and military reforms took place after the 12- year long civil war ended in 1992. The per capita murder rate is 69 per 100,000 in El Salvador in 2012 which is the second-highest in the world (OSAC, 2013). The country is vulnerable to extreme weather conditions and frequent earthquakes. It is heavily dependent on the United States and the structure of the public and external accounts is very weak. The country is characterized by high inequality and extreme poverty rates and suffers from high insecurity associated with drug trafficking. The percentage of violent crimes such as robbery and burglary and overall victimization rates is found to be significantly less compared to the homicide rate in El Salvador (World Bank, 2011). There is no area in the country where the crime rate is less than 5 per 100,000 (World Bank, 2013).The government of El Salvador must focus on designing an effective anti-gang strategy. The strategy must include improved police capability, reforms in the prison, better-targeted arrests and more opportunities for the young convicted gang members and preventive measures for the youth at risk.
Reduction in Violent Crime Rates in El Salvador