It could be said that psychological issues have been in existence in all human societies. The normal practice is to obtain some form of counseling or even treatment. In the past, when societies and its members lived closely together, this was done by family elders or other persons usually referred to as witch doctors. They were usually of the same culture, color, and caste of the person being counseled or treated. But as societies developed, and the field of psychology was recognized as a science, the relationship began to change. Families were moving out to cities making them nuclear in nature. This resulted in the concept of professional counselors and psychologists/psychiatrists. Very often the counselor and the counseled will be complete strangers. In a diverse society (like in the United States), the two could belong to a different caste, color or religion. Their culture, social beliefs, and norms will be entirely different in such cases (Houser, Wilczenski amp. Ham, 2006, 110). It is possible that the concept of ethics, which is so important in a relationship of this sort maybe violated knowingly or unknowingly by the counselor. This paper looks at the issue of ethics on the part of licensed professional counselors (LPC). In the process, it will cover various aspects such as racism, ethnicity, culture, and linguistics. It will also review the importance of the LPC being knowledgeable of the above aspects in order to provide effective counseling, failing which an ethical violation may arise.To become a sports turf manager, one needs to have done a college degree or certificate course. The degree program normally takes three to four years while the certificate course can take less than a year to complete (Wiecko 46).
Racial Ethical Cultural and Linguistic Issues