IAP considers three overlapping phases of treatment – (1) pre-release and preparatory planning. (2) structured transition in which participation of both institutional and aftercare staff prior to and after release is involved. and (3) long-term follow-up for supervision and service delivery (Altschuler, D.M., et al., 1999). According to the chief components present in the IAP model, the program greatly aims at diminishing recidivism through intensive supervision and control measures, strengthening family and community relations with individualized case planning and reinforcing progress in the improvement of personal well-being by incentives and enthusiastic case management utilizing resources within the community (Wiebush, McNulty, Le, 2000).Failures however in meeting certain objectives of IAP result from implementation problems such as staffing vacancies, institutional crowding, and unstable program environments. Successful operation nevertheless takes into account the consistent adherence to the core characteristics of the model and that it is found to establish more strength for the institution is collaborating with the external support teams of aftercare and research.GROWTH, on the other hand, specifically provides intensive aftercare for high-risk female juvenile offenders. Managed by Boys and Girls Clubs of South Alabama, Inc. with the help of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, this program makes use of Network Aftercare System (NAS), an IAP adaptation. Principal components are inclusive of female-specific life skills, adventure therapy, community service, academic education, and Functional Family Therapy. Female offenders are administered a one-year aftercare monitoring and supervision upon release from detention. GROWTH keeps up with a similar goal to reduce recidivism as well as pregnancy rates and to increase job placements for GROWTH participants and these are all part of the programs documented success.No significant failure has been evaluated to emerge during program implementation as GROWTH promotes additional services such as individual and group therapy, substance abuse treatment, and mentoring.
Juvenile Probation Programs