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Glio Tumors

Glio Tumors Introduction Since the beginning of the 21st century, our globe has advanced tremendously in a number of fields, and so as the diseases. As the world is advancing, humans are confronting more diseases that are complex in nature. Brain tumor is one of the most common diseases that have affected millions of people around the world. In specific, when the central nervous system is affected by a tumor, it is known as a glioma tumor that has been associated with the glial cells in the human body. Moreover, neurosurgeons have indicated that brain is the common part of human body that is affected by the Glio tumors. However, spinal cord, optic nerves, etc. are often affected by Glio tumors in the human body. (Markert, pp. 11-12)
Humans have always classified things according to its specifications for a better understanding, and therefore, gliomas have been categorized according to different types of cells, as well as, grading. In terms of types of cells, Ependymomas, Astrocytomas, Oligodendrogliomas, and Oligoastrocytomas are some of the names of Gliomas. On the other hand, World Health Organizations has classified gliomas according to its pathological evaluation. In this regard, pilocytic astrocytoma, low-grade astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, and glioblastoma multiforme are the different classified gliomas according to the WHO grading system in the ascending order. (Barnett, pp. 23-25) It has been observed that worst prognosis is usually confronted in last grade of gliomas, which results in the maximum human survival of a year.
Symptoms and Prognosis
Briefly, nausea, headache, cranial nerve disorder, and vomiting are some of the usual symptoms of brain gliomas. Patients of Glio tumors often complain of visual loss, which is caused due to the affected optic nerve in the human brain. Numbness in the extremities can also be caused by the gliomas in the spinal cord of human body. In cases of high-graded gliomas, progressive memory is one of the most widespread symptoms of Glio tumors. (Barnett, pp. 29-31) In terms of prognosis of Glio tumors, most of the experts and neurosurgeons have accepted that it is incurable. Poor results have been observed during the diagnosis of patients with worse gliomas. In specific, worst results during prognosis have been shown by Glioblastoma multiforme. In such cases, three months is the maximum survival time for the patients in times of no treatment. (Markert, pp. 41-44)
Treatment
Symptomatic therapy, palliative therapy, surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are some of the common treatments of Glio tumors. However, one of the most innovative and successful treatments of Glio tumors is technology of magnetic resonance imaging, which has been considered a very influencing treatment of brain tumors. In this regard, this paper will focus primarily on the advantages of MRI in the cases of Glio tumors. In specific, structure and function of the human body is visualized by a medical imaging technique, which has been referred as magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI. (DeAngelis, pp. 38-40) Until now, MRI has shown efficient and extraordinary results, as compared with the computed tomography, which is also used for similar purposes. In the result, most of the cardiovascular, neurological, and oncological surgeons prefer MRI scans than the CT scans. Reports have indicated that brain tumors, especially the Gliomas and the Glioblastoma have been removed safely by the utilization of magnetic resonance imaging technology in different parts of the world. During the surgery of Gliomas patients, neurosurgeons are facilitated by MRI scans that allow the experts to evaluate the process of tumor removal in an efficient manner. According to a number of experts, removal of an entire tumor during the surgery can be determined by MRI technology efficiently, particularly intraoperative MRI, which is the most innovative form of MRI until now. (DeAngelis, pp. 53-56) From the patient’s perspective, mentally comfortable procedures are now available to patients due to the safer process of MRI technology, which has contributed significantly in the cases of Glio tumors. Conclusively, it is hoped that the paper will be beneficial for the students, teachers, experts, and nonprofessionals in the better understanding of the topic.
Works Cited
Gene H. Barnett. High-grade Gliomas: Diagnosis and Treatment. Humana Press, 2007.
James M. Markert. Glioblastoma Multiforme. Jones &amp. Bartlett Publishers, 2005.
Lisa M. DeAngelis. Intracranial Tumors. Informa Health Care, 2002.
Word Count: 652 Words
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Glio Tumors