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Academic Research Article CritiqueName: Jose HernandezInstituion: Miami Dade College Date: 04/22/2020Introduction “Analyze the Text”I chose to review the article “Experiences of Intimate Partner and Neighborhood Violence and Their Association With Mental Health in Pregnant Women”. In this study the author examines the “crime and violence, bothintimate partner and neighborhood-wide, as well as cumulative effects ofboth types of violence predicted adverse mental health outcomes in a cohortof New Orleans pregnant women.” (Barcelona de Mendoza, Harville, Savage, & Giarratano. 2018, p. 941). Three-hundred-and-ninety-eight women were analyzed berween the ages of 18 and 45 and had at least three visits with their prenatal care providers. The participants were provided informed consent in their preferred languages which included being interviewed fully by bilingual and bicultural data collectors. They also completed questionairs relevant to the study. The exposures of interest were intimate partner violence and neighborhood violence, data for these interest was collected via survey, questions contained material from theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention’s Pregnancy Risk AssessmentMonitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaire (2009). The outcome of the study was depression, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. A screening tool called The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale was used to determine “probable” or “likely” depression in the participants, probable depression was scored with a 12 or higher. Pregnancy-specific anxiety was screened with the Revised Prenatal Distress Questionnaireand was representedwith a high score of less than 17 at the top quintile to identify the women with thehighest prenatal anxiety. A posttraumatic check list was provided with questions inquiring about symptoms related to stressful experiences in order to determine PTSD, symptoms of PTSD were represented at 50. English and Spanish versions of each survey were provided, and all instruments used were revised for discrepancies by fully bilingual reviewers. It appears that the mixed method approach was used in order to conduct this study as the data collected was collected in the participants settings and variables had been measured on instruments and numbers used for analyzation. Objective evidence obtained from the authors efforts are that the study population was mostly unmarried African-American women with low income and were at 31 weeks of pregnancy. Most of the women reported that they felt their neighborhoods were safer or the same as the year prior. About a third of the women stated that they were dissatisfied with the protection of police in their neighborhoods. Around twelve percent of the women reported on intimate partner violence. Women with higher odds of probable depression seemed to have had physical violence along with women who had high emotional intimate partner violence. These same women also had higher odds of PTSD. Intimate partner violence was found to be associated with higher odds of probable depression and PTSD. Physical domestic violence was found to be associated with high odds of pregnancy-specific anxiety. Neighborhood crime and safety was also found to benotably associated with probable depression and PTSD. There were increased odds of probabledepression and PTSD with intimate partner violence and neighborhood crime. Intimate partner violence was linked to adverse mental health in pregnancy along with exposure to neighborhood violence. This research provided factual information that had already been founded in previous studies. Evaluate the TextThe objective of this study is plainly stated at the end of the introduction, “The purpose ofthis analysis was to examine how perceptions of crime and violence, bothintimate partner and neighborhood-wide, as well as cumulative effects ofboth types of violence predicted adverse mental health outcomes in a cohortof New Orleans pregnant women.” (Barcelona de Mendoza, Harville, Savage, &Giarratano. 2018, p. 941). The title of the paper I also believe plainly states the subject of the research. The statement of purpose in the abstract slightly differs from the statement of purpose in the introduction. The abstracts statement of purpose is as follows, “This study providesadditional evidence that cumulative exposure to violence is associated withpoorer mental health in pregnant women.” (Barcelona de Mendoza, Harville, Savage, &Giarratano. 2018, p. 939). After analyzing the sequence of statements in the introduction I feel that the information does not lead coherently to the purpose of the study. There seems to be some veering off about the disaster of Hurricane Katrina, however this study is supposed to be about exposure to violence from intimate partner and neighborhood-wide crime. The methods in this study appear to valid for studying the issue and have been used in previous research for similar if not the same studies. This particular study seems to have been duplicated from another already as information has been taken from other similar studies. The sample selection was taken from pregnant women all with the appropriate variables which I believe makes the information adequate. Again, I am unsure about the relevancy of the disaster from Hurricane Katrina in the purpose of this study. The information provided in regards to this matter does not belong, in my opinion, as it is not pertinent to the rest of the information provided. The titles and legends presented in the diagrams seems to accurately describe the content, headings and labels also appear to be accurate. The data appears to be organized for comparison and interpretation and the tables as a whole seems to be self explanatory. The text of this study appears to complement the data from the tables presented, calculations and presentation of data appears to be accurate. There is a note which states “Percentages may not sum to 100 due to missing data.” (Barcelona de Mendoza, Harville, Savage, &Giarratano. 2018, p. 946), after checking the percentages in this table I’ve noticed that this is indeed accurate. The tables appear to show what the researcher intended which is the mental health effect on pregnant women exposed to intimate partner violence and neighborhood crime.ConclusionOther researchers viewed the significance of the research reported by these authors accurate and relevant to their studies. The research provided in this article did not lead to any new questions, or new ways of using existing knowledge, it was however cited in six other articles. These other researchers subsequently supported theobservations and interpretations of these authors. I, personally, cannot say that the research made a significant contribution to human knowledge as most of the information has already been provided from other research. ReferencesBarcelona de Mendoza, V., Harville, E. W., Savage, J., &Giarratano, G. (2018). Experiences of intimate partner and neighborhood violence and their association with mental health in pregnant women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(6), 938-959. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260515613346Bloom, B. E., Alcalá, H. E., &Delva, J. (2018). Early life adversity, use of specialist care and unmet specialist care need among children. Journal of Child Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493518807830Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018).  Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (5th ed.). Retrieved from https://content.ashford.eduUniversity of Guelph: Library. (n.d.). Using a scientific journal article to write a critical review (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Retrieved from http://www.lib.uoguelph.ca/get-assistance/writing/specific-types-papers/using-scientific-journal-article-write-critical-reviewMahboubeh, H., Abbas, E., &Nourissadat, K. (2018). Persian translation of the Pregnancy Experience Scale (PES) –Brief version: Confirmatory factor analysis. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Abbas_Ebadi/publication/325229249_Persian_translation_of_the_Pregnancy_Experience_Scale_PES-Brief_Version_Confirmatory_Factor_Analysis/links/5aff2514a6fdccf9e4f4632c/Persian-translation-of-the-Pregnancy-Experience-Scale-PES-Brief-Version-Confirmatory-Factor-Analysis.pdf

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