This paper tells that although the anarchist movement has a reputation for having been violent, Goldman believed in non-violent resistance to authority, despite some of the crimes she was accused of committing with violent undertones. Part of her activism including championing the rights of women, most specifically through the distribution of information about birth control. In 1917, after declaring war, Woodrow Wilson instituted a draft for which Goldman and Alexander Berkman, helped to resist through the development of the No-Conscription League. The advocating of resisting the draft was illegal and those who resisted the draft risked arrest and sometimes deportation. Goldman and Berkman were arrested for conspiracy to obstruct the draft under the Espionage Act for which they which they were both sentenced to two years imprisonment. After serving their terms in prison, they were each deported under laws that had been enacted to provide for the deportation of those who were seditionists. During the course of her trial, Goldman gave a speech addressing the jury in order to help to provide for her defense. The speech is eloquent and meaningful, the rhetoric rich and powerful. She utilized a series of rhetoric tools in order to create a powerful and well-crafted argument through which to attempt to convince the jury that prosecuting her on the charges that had been brought against her was unconstitutional. Because of her experience and talents of a writer, despite her conviction, the speech that she gave during her trial is one of the most powerful examples of rhetorical writing in trial history.
Emma Goldman and Anarchist Movement