The psychological, physical and emotional effects of adversity in the victims are numerous. What teachers and parents generally fail to do is to notice them.
Bullying in its act includes behaviors such as teasing, hitting, taunting, threatening and stealing that is propagated by one or more students against a victim in a school. Apart from these direct physical attacks bullying in its strict sense can also include methods such as “causing a student to be socially isolated through intentional exclusion” (Banks, 1997). This can also be done by subtle indirect methods such as spreading rumors and enforcing social isolation actions of which are carried out mostly by girls than boys. The motive of bullying is to create physical and psychological intimidation so that through repeated action of it the perpetrator succeeds in harassing and abusing the victim (Banks, 1997). Bullying can either be carried out by a single individual or by a group and not differently the target of bullying can also be a single individual, the victim or a group, although in the context of school bullying. the target has usually been a single student. (Olweus, 1993)
The issue of peer harassment has been overlooked to such an extent in schools that it has noticed strange happenings such as the fact that “those who fight back are headed for especially poor outcomes, and many bullies are seen as popular and admirable by both peers and teachers (Elias &. Zins, 2004). Approximately 15% of the students are either the victims or the initiators of bullying behavior. (Olweus, 1993). The instances of such behaviors are seen more in the middle or junior schools and they decrease during high school. Physical assault does not seem to be as perpetually witnessed as verbal abuse. Although the victims of the bully are found to be physically weak or those who show no sign of repellence or resistance against the bully, it has also been noticed that .“school size, racial composition, and school setting do not seem to be distinguishing factors in predicting the occurrence of bullying”.