L’Exil et le Royaume of Albert Camus is a collection of short stories where they are each connected either by common themes or that the main character is on a physical and or a metaphysical journey. As Camus considered religion absurd and a form of suicide, each journey in each story has an antagonist character. The epiphany that accompanies life does not come from reason, as reason does not exist. Tolstoy claims that reason did not exist in explaining the purpose of life. Each story represent a conflict between man and nature. Tolstoy’s was a learned man. He realized that his ignorance of science was no longer a love of knowledge, but a betrayal in the analysis of finding the utility of life which had become life threatening to his existence. He did not have the knowledge to analyze the reason for life. He no longer used the religious doctrine since he had started studying philosophy as a young boy. This religious doctrine was called faith. This faith no longer worked for him. This betrayal had to be replaced. He looked towards the sciences Camus was also in a similar turmoil. Each story is a journey where the antagonist becomes empowered or empowers a group of people. He considered religion absurd without reason and reason cannot be used to analyse religion. In the The Rock which Grows, D’Arrast, the priest takes the rock to the sacred shack of the people and not to the Church. The similar themes are church doctrine, betrayal of that doctrine, and acquisition of a new knowledge. Tolstoy proves that sciences cannot prove life’s existence and returns as D’Arrast to the faith of the working class (people). In beginning his analysis of science, Tolstoy goes through several steps. Human knowledge is divided into two poles or direct… Rational knowledge gives a different perception of life than does irrational knowledge. Tolstoy claims that in order to understand that life is not evil, one must give up reasoning. He was not prepared to do so and suddenly goes off on a tangent which possibly solves the puzzle. Irrational knowledge is faith which answers the question of the meaning of life beyond time… Rational knowledge cannot answer the question of the meaning of life within time…. These two revelations add another concept into the puzzle that finite can answer with infinite responses. Another way of saying that there is faith. He was not talking about organized religion of the elite which Tolstoy detested. He returned to the source. For two years, he lived with those who lived within religion. I came to love good people Real life is the life of the masses. Search for God was a feeling and not a reasoning. It came from the heart. Look at the various characters of l’Exil et le royaume? Who were the most at peace: those of the lower classes who had accepted their fate. The lack of satisfaction with life was present in each story. The feeling of solitude was omnipresent. In the Adulteress Woman,she felt so alone. In the Guest, Camus shows us how Daru thought he was giving the Arab an opportunity to chose between prison or freedom. He was utterly surprised to see he chose prison. Daru naively thought that the Arab would have been free in Algeria after having killed a man under French occupation.
Tolstoy VS Camus