However, access to health care is mainly determined by levels of income which disadvantages the less privileged members of the society hence the need to make access to healthcare universal since it is of paramount importance in the development and growth of the economy.It can be noted that in many countries, the health care system is mainly comprised of public and private sectors. In the US for instance, health care provision ranges from basic primary health care mainly provided by the public sector which can even offer free medication to the less privileged members of the society. The public sector is mainly comprised of government-owned hospitals while on the other hand the commercialized private sector is seen taking a leading role in the provision of highly specialized health care. However, of paramount importance is the need to provide a good and fair health care system. According to WHO report in 2000 as cited in an article entitled: ‘The U.S. Health care system: The best in the world, or just the most expensive,’ [online], there are three goals that a good health system should do and these are: good health, responsiveness and fairness in financing where costs are pegged according to one’s ability to pay.In some circles, universal healthcare represents a threat since the provision of health is treated as a commercial business. Comparatively, the US is currently the only country among advanced industrialized countries that has a health care with disparities. First of all, it has been noted that universal health care is the only answer because a lack of healthcare is a national crisis of a higher magnitude. It can be argued that universal healthcare is about representing a true community healthcare principle of access for all, not just for all who can afford it. In view of this notion, supporters of national healthcare tend to argue that there should be a single-payer system in which healthcare is financed by the government.
The Universal Healthcare