Success of the nation-building efforts of Bismarck and Cavour in Germany and Italy The early 1890s saw a decade full of success in the territories of Bismarck and Cavour. Otto von Bismarck was the ruler of Germany. He gained much influence in both Germany and Europe at large. Camillo Benso, count of Cavour was the ruler of Italy (McKay 10). He gained respect in Italy, and the government made him a statesman. Their leadership gave result to improved economies in Italy and Germany (McKay 29).Bismarck before ruling Germany was the President and Foreign minister of Prussia. With that position, he was so influential in Germany. The influence made it easy for him to unite Germany (McKay 15). Denmark, Austria, and France were against the development of Germany. Bismarck declared war against these countries. He ensured there are no external forces preventing the development of Germany. The Germans made him chancellor. He used his position to formulate laws that promoted economic growth. He dominated the political field and ensured there is no instability. Germans concentrated in developing the economy rather than participating in war. There was the need of morals and virtues in the nation, for it to grow. Bismarck passed legislation that made Catholic Church an official influence in Germany (McKay 98). He wanted the people to follow right morals and respect God. Many countries in the 1860s depended on the system of alliance for their survival (McKay 100). Bismarck ensured Germany consolidated its power in the European block. He created a system of alliances to tackle his competitors (McKay 30). Germany became powerful and it was easy for it to acquire important resources. He proved his leadership was effective when he resigned in 1890. It was because of failure to allow on a given policy that would protect the economy of Germany, which made him resign. Bismarck always collected taxes without the permission of parliament (McKay 200). He wanted to ensure his economic policies came to success. Germany grew because he united the liberal middle class and German nationalist. He knew how to distribute resources. Victor Emmanuel led Italy. Under his leadership, Cavour united Italy when he became prime minister. He wanted to see the economy of Italy grow. The newspapers were the tool Cavour used to spread his policies (McKay 45). He used the newspapers to bring unification in Italy. He wanted to be a superpower in Italy. Cavour wanted this to be a success by forming an alliance with France.He had command of the Italian army. Cavour used that opportunity to fight enemies of Italy’s alliance. Thus, Italy received much international support. The country grew significantly in the economic sector (McKay 111). Furthermore, unity is very important for the growth of a country. Cavour united northern and central Italy (McKay 34). He advised them on the importance of peace and national growth. As the prime minister of Italy, he designed a constitution that would unite all Italians. The constitution was supporting a unitary state that would see fair distribution of resources. The Italian peninsula had many sources that would grow Italy (McKay 164). Austrians had captured it. Cavour saw this as a means of falling Italy down. He collaborated with the French, and he took back the peninsula. The prime minister applied his leadership skills effectively. Cavour would constantly consult Napoleon on important matters and they signed secret treaties that would help Italy (McKay 59). He led the soldiers in capturing Rome that would in future serve as capital hub of Italy. Rome became so influential and was the source of Italy’s growth. Unfortunately, he died before Italians settled in Rome.Work CitedMcKay, John P. Understanding Western Society, Combined Volume: A Brief History. New York: Bedford/St. Martin, 2011.
The decade of the 1860s saw the success of the nationbuilding efforts of Bismarck and Cavour in Germany and Italy respectively