These skirmishes were accompanied by the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests that shaped the independence of the political parties of Hong Kong. In 1984, the Hong Kong community enjoyed economic interdependence with China. In the year 2003, the return of pro-democracy protests was experienced when the last British governor, Chris Patten, vouched for a more democratized Hong Kong government. A controversial security law sparked these protests.The Occupy Central Movement is a protest that happened in Hong Kong in 2014 to root for democracy. The main aim of the protest is to push for reforms in the political system by demanding for democratically conducted elections that match the standards of other advanced democracies internationally. The protest focuses on the occupation of the central business district in a non-violent manner. This is after the Chinese government declined to heed to calls for a democratic and open electioneering process in 2017. The plan was to mobilize at least 10, 000 people in the first phase of the protest (Sharp, 2013).The name Occupy Hong Kong originates from the US Occupy Wall Street Movement of the year 2011 that was a protest against social injustices and inequalities. Hong Kong is under the Chinese governance and the protests are unlikely to hinder the operations of the Chinese government. It is separate geographically from China, as the latter sits on the mainland.The genesis of the Occupy Hong Kong Movement traces back to the period before Hong Kong became part of China (State News Service, 2014). The economic nature of Hong Kong made it an economic hub by the year 1997 when it was handed over to the Chinese government. This economic strength meant that it would operate as a separate country but within the Chinese political realms. Hong Kong has a different currency from the Chinese, and the people of Hong Kong enjoy such liberties as the freedom of speech that is not accessible in the larger Chinese government.
Social Changes in Hong Kong