Overturned all the state laws that acted as a restriction to the access of women to abortions during the first three months of pregnancy and allowed to stand the restrictions during the second three months of pregnancy only as far as they were designed to offer protection for the health of pregnant women. (2).Norma N. McCorvey tried to get an abortion in the State of Texas, but the state laws did not permit her to get a legal abortion in that state. She subsequently chose to have the baby and gave the baby for adoption.The young lawyers Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee decided to use this denial of legal adoption to challenge the constitutional validity of this Texas law, attempting to establish a new constitutional right for women that allowed them control over their own bodies. Roe was the name given to the plaintiff to represent all American women in this class-action lawsuit, with Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee the lawyers for the plaintiff. They were opposed by the Texas District Attorney Henry B. Wade.The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, while declaring the abortion law of Texas unconstitutional refused to give injunctive relief to the plaintiffs. Roe and the attorneys appealed to the Supreme Court against this injunctive ruling of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, while Wade cross-appealed, challenging the ruling of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas on the constitutional validity of the Abortion Law of Texas.Weddington argued the case in front of seven instead of nine justices, as two of them had recently retired. Weddington’s arguments were based on reasoning than on the exact constitutional issues pertinent to the case. The over the confidence of the defending lawyer Assistant Attorney General was the undoing of the defense case at this stage.Though the justices initially voted to strike down the Texas Law some differences and uncertainties among the justices along with the development of the appointment of two new justices to the Supreme Court caused the Supreme Court to decide to hear the second argument in the Roe vs. Wade case, and it was scheduled for October 11, 1972. (3).
Roe Versus Wade’s Abortion Trial