The first chapter of the book focuses on the nature and work of social movements in third world countries. Some of these movements go in line with international law, while many of them refute the concept and resist the existence of transnational law. In the same way, some of the resistances are taken as valid, while many of the movements working in contradiction to the interests of international powers are kicked out by declaring them as illegitimate and illegal in nature and scope. The author views this system resembling the imperialism of colonial type, where the freedom movements active against the interests of imperialistic states of the globe, were crushed with an iron hand. Further, as social movements are the sign of resistance, it is not only against the command or authority. rather, resistance might be in favour of some human right or so. International law supports some of the social movements which are perhaps in the interests of big powers. In the same way, it condemns those resisting forces launched by the oppressed that is contradictory to them. The western nations look into the movements of third world countries with coloured spectacles. The local governments also look helpless while facing the commands directed by the superpowers regarding some specific policy formulation and implementation.Though international law and its statutes had been introduced to combat criminalization prevailing in the global arena, it hardly focused its concentration on the same lines on which its foundation stone was laid down. The economic giants of the world exploit the third world nations in the name of development programs, which they launch though they seldom intend to implement in the real meanings. Development schemes of such kind bring sufferings and humiliation to the subjects of third world countries by discouraging the resisting movements and plans. The west maintains prejudice while policy-making between Christians and non-Christians.
National Law from Below