People who have experienced traumatic events may experience upsetting emotions, a sense of constant danger, frightening memories and numbness. Some people may also feel disconnected and lose trust in others. Sometimes it may take longer to recover from the pain caused by stressful trauma and to feel safe again. However, trauma can be overcome through the right treatment, self-help strategies and support.Emotional and psychological trauma arises from a distressing event and damages the psyche (White et al, 2015). It makes an individual feel insecure, helpless and vulnerable to dangerous situations. Traumatic experiences always include life-threatening and safety situations. Emotional and psychological trauma is caused by events that happen unexpectedly, getting the victims unaware. It also happens when the victim is powerless to prevent it. when it happened repeatedly. if someone was cruel. and if it happened during childhood.Trauma may cause extreme anxiety or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Many people who have experienced trauma develop psychiatric disorders such as PTSD. This disorder leads the victims of distressing situations to re-experience the traumatic event. It also causes avoidance of stimuli that may cause trauma, numbness, and hyper-arousal (Zuiden et al, 2011). These symptoms are also suggested by Ahmadizadeh et al (2010) who argue that PTSD is characterized by three symptom clusters: hyper-arousal, re-experiencing, and avoidance. Ahmadizadeh et al (2010) define PTSD as a complex affective, behavioral, somatic and cognitive effects of psychological trauma. It causes occupational, interpersonal and social dysfunction. These dysfunctions are escalated by nightmares, flashbacks of past trauma, intrusive thoughts, hypervigilance, sleep disturbance, and avoidance of traumatic stimuli, all of which are characteristic of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. PTSD is also associated with functional impairment, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse.
How to Treat with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder