Obesity in children is one of the biggest public health challenges in the 21st century. Contextually, in the UK there has been increasing concern with regard to childhood obesity that has led the last government to apply stricter nutrient standards with respect to foods supplied in schools (Voon, Mitchelle &. Liberman 2014). “Obesity is increasing among children and adolescents, with 16.8% of boys and 15.2% of girls in the UK aged 2 to 15 years obese in 2008” (Canoy &. Bundred 2011, p. 1). Obesity can cause cancer and heart diseases in children (PIHD, 2015). This study is, therefore, topical and relevant showing how unhealthy eating patterns have posed a great challenge to children’s health. “Young children eating a healthy meal together at lunchtime can improve their development and social skills” (Poulter &. Laws 2015). For example, the Department of Health UK has started providing free healthy meals to the school going infants of year 1 and year 2 to improve their overall health. Moreover, mothers are also being suggested to breastfeed their young kids for the first two years in order to lessen the chances of obesity in their children (Poulter &. Laws 2015).
2.0 Literature Review
Obesity has become a serious medical issue in European countries (Moss et al. 2012). Obesity may lead to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure or even cancer (Boseley 2014). Being overweight is considered to be a sign of the imminent cause of diseases in the UK. “The latest figures, for 2013/14, show that 19.1% of children in Year 6 (aged 10-11) were obese and a further 14.4% were overweight” (Public Health England 2015). As children grow up, their height and weight tend to vary widely in both boys and girls and this variation often makes it difficult to use a standard rate to diagnose obesity in children.