Theory X of management assumes that most people have personalities that dislike work and must be controlled by managerial means if they are to remain productive. Further, people need direction as well as order and not independence while they work (NetMBA, 2005).
Theory Y is the complete opposite of this since it suggests that people are naturally inclined towards work as they are towards play. Additionally, people find satisfaction in work and will use their imagination, creativity, and their personal skills to solve work-related problems if they are allowed to work as they please (NetMBA, 2005). A manager who has a personality that is a good fit for managing with Theory X would find it difficult to create high productivity in a department which should be governed with Theory Y.
In such situations, personality itself can be defined as the collective emotional, thinking, and action patterns that are exhibited by an individual which are more or less very consistent over a period of time (Miner &. Dachler, 1973). Psychologists and those who study human personality have defined various types of personalities and presented theories that help in placing individuals on certain scales of personality (Joy, 2004). The idea of personality as a set of individual traits is fully supported by Cattell (Statt, 2004). It is also suggested that there are quite a few elements that affect human personality and the interaction of these traits as well as the reactions they produce to stimuli results in a fully formed personality (Plucker, 2007).
The work done by Cattell is important for the study of personality and productivity since it lets us gauge an individual’s personality and then correlate it to their performance at a given position in the company.