Various factors contribute to the increasing rates of disasters include the steady uptick of climate-related disasters or climate change that causes the increase in disasters (AccuWeather, 2013). Global warming, human activity, infrastructural vulnerability, increased populations, and economic assets equally lead to the increasing rates of disasters in the world. The normal psychological reactions to a disaster include fear and anxiety about the recurrence, disrupted eating and sleep patterns, and school phobias, as children tend to avoid schools (McMahon, 2011). The victims depict intense and unpredictable feelings that relate to flashbacks and emotional upsets in remembering the disaster (American Psychological Association, 2014). Victims lose the capacity to make concrete decisions and establish stable relationships. The primary principles of disaster management include Prepared Community approach, comprehensive approach, integrated approach, Community Emergency Risk Management (CERM), an all-hazards approach. The key legislative provisions that are relevant to disaster management in U. Include Disaster Management Act 2003, the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, the Public Safety Preservation Act 1986, and the Resource Management Act (RMA) 1991 (Rotimi amp. Wilkinson, 2014). In the threat of a flood, a disaster manager would find the legal protection necessary to order a community evacuation in the Public Safety Preservation Act 1986 that allows a disaster manager to order a community evacuation in the threat of a flood regardless of the magnitude of the threat.
Ethical Principles on Disaster Risk Reduction