The article examines the relative hypothesis that proposes that members of heightened ethnic collectivities are more likely to indulge in protest compared to those who are in less frustrated groups. The article uses experimental analysis by using literature that is related to the grievance. The methodology used in the research allowed the researcher to consider the grievances hypotheses and its theoretical unpinning in relation to the frustration-aggression thesis. The study was introduced as group behavior and conducted an experiment using undergraduate students who had enrolled at Texas Aamp.M University for political science. Sixty-eight students participated in the first round and 56 students participated in the replication round. The experiment used a one–way design employing a single manipulation other than the classical experimental design that employs a control group. There was no random assignment in the research experiment as the article used one-way design. hence, employing single manipulation. The probabilities indicated that while the frustrating level of 1 is associated with 0.04 risk protest behavior. Additionally, an individual experiencing the maximum level of frustration (10) has a 0.59 probability of engaging. The probability that was associated with the average frustration level among the participants (8.24) is 0.42.
Do Grievances Matter in Ethnic Conflict