Anorexics can be defined as a disability according to Bryan (2007, p.6). Not all individuals suffering from Anorexia Nervosa have experienced mental trauma, but in a majority of the cases, some type of trauma can be determined. The cultural aspects will also be mentioned. The notion of females being the only victims of this illness will be dispelled. The physical aspect of Anorexia Nervosa is dealt with medically, but the psychological is what will be dealt with in this paper as related to minority women and men. Anorexia Nervosa is a serious health issue arising from mental trauma. This statement shows that Anorexia Nervosa has a physical and mental side. Leading doctors and psychologists have not agreed on the cause at this time. For example, Stephens (2008) asserts Eating disorders are not due to a failure of will or behavior. rather, they are real, treatable medical illnesses in which certain maladaptive patterns of eating take on a life of their own. Not everyone agrees that eating disorders, especially Anorexia Nervosa is only a medical illness. Other doctors and psychologists have seen a trend in Anorexia. The trend leans toward trauma being a predominant cause of Anorexia. Levy states A variety of psychological, sociological, and family influences have been hypothesized to influence the development of Anorexia Nervosa. While much research has been done to cure the symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa, the causes still confound many professionals. The American Psychiatric Association (2008) estimates 0.5 percent to 3.7 percent of females and 0.1 percent to 0.2 percent of males suffer from Anorexia Nervosa. The ratio of females to males is higher but does not make one case of Anorexia more important than the other. Reasons for women being more prone to Anorexia range from lower self-esteem to body image distortion. Since males are less likely to have the illness, it is harder to identify. Many men do not want to come forward with a ‘girl’s disease’.
Current Psychological Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa