The Council of Nicea served to integrate the Church and the State, and it addressed the problems that had been created by Arianism. Constantine settled a number of these problems, and he also took measures to render future controversies, on account of Arianism, impotent. This was achieved by his brilliant maneuver of establishing a test creed system that was applicable solely to the bishops (Hussey, The Cambridge medieval history 1966, 120). This proved to be a landmark reform in the church because, till that time, no specific creed had enjoyed any universal authority.In 350 AD, the death of Constans, the brother of Constantius, served to bring the entire Roman Empire under the rule of Constantius, who strongly believed in Arianism. After the death of Constantius, in 361 AD, his successors were more concerned about the unity of the empire, than theological clarity. In 364 AD, Wlien Valens assumed power in the East. He exhibited uncouth behavior towards the venerable bishops and was openly hostile towards the decriers of Arianism (Hall 2005, 36).Countries, such as East Asia Minor, Syria, Palestine, and Egypt were represented by the maximum number of bishops in the council. The strength of the bishops from Arabia, Persia, Libya, and Greece was also significant. There was even a bishop from Armenia in the council. There were bishops from almost all the major cities of the East, in this great council. and some of these were Alexander of Alexandria, Antiochus of Memphis, Macarius of Jerusalem, Eusebius.
Christology of the Later Fathers