All flow of energy in an ecosystem will begin with this level:
Evolutionary separation of species due to a barrier such as continental drift is called _____.
Most of the steps of the N biogeochemical cycle are carried out by
The uptake of minerals by decomposers is referred to as
net mineralization rate
When organic C production happens within a water body it is described as
Edge effects can___.
consist of abiotic changes associated with a boundary
consist of biotic changes associated with a boundary
serve as barriers to dispersal
All of the above